Allium stipitatum, Persian shallot is a species of Allium. The epithet stipitatum means 'with a little stalk' (referring to the ovary). Some sources regard A. hirtifolium as the same species, others treat A. stipitatum and A. hirtifolium as similar but separate species. Treating them as the same, A. stipitatum occurs from Turkey to Tien Shan in central Asia. It is a typical 'drumstick allium', with spherical flower heads on tall stems, and as such has often been confused with other similar species. In Iran, the species is used for food, and has been referred to by the English name Persian shallot.
Quercus brantii, the Persian oak, is a species of oak native to Western Asia, including Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey.Quercus brantii (covering more than 50% of the Zagros forest area) is the most important tree species of the Zagros in Iran.Iranians use its seed in traditional medicine. Other useful products derived from oaks include fuel wood, charcoal and timber hardwood.
There are two kinds of Galbanum in commerce, viz. Levant Galbanurn and the Persian Galbanum. The latter is softer than the Levant, has a more terebinthic odour, has the smell and consistency of Venice turpentine which contains fruit and fragments of stalks in place of bits of sliced roots. Several species of Ferula are used as a source for commercial Galbanum, but the official plant is Ferula galbaniflua, a perennial, with smooth stem, and shining leaflets, ovate, wedge-shaped, acute and finely serrated on the edges
Passiflora, known also as the passion flowers or passion vines, is a genus of arouns 500 species of flowering plants, the namesakes of the family Passifloraceae. They are mostly vines, with some being shrubs, and a few species being herbaceous. For information about the fruit of the passiflora plant, see passionfruit.
The common myrtle (M. communis) is native to the Mediterranean region and the Middle East and is cultivated in southern England and the warmer regions of North America.
The plant may grow more than 5 m high. The opposite leaves are thick and lustrous, with many small, translucent, oil-bearing glands. The solitary white flowers, about 1.8 cm long, are borne on short stalks. The fruit is a purplish black, many-seeded berry.